The article is devoted to one of the current areas of legal science related to the problems
of interpretation the norms of General Part of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation. The interpretation of legal norms is the activity of state bodies, non-governmental
organizations and individuals to clarify and explain the meaning of legal norms embedded
by the legislator in them and the actual content of the legal provisions (regulations,
definitions) contained in them in order to implement them correctly and improve the
effectiveness of legal regulation public relations.
The interpretation of legal norms is a complex volitional process aimed at establishing
the exact meaning of the rule of law. This process consists of two elements: 1) the
interpreter (interpreter) clarifies the content of the legal norm for himself; 2) then in order
to establish its equal understanding and application it clarifies the meaning of the legal
prescription to all interested parties.
The first part of this activity – clarification – characterizes the epistemological nature
of interpretation aimed at the knowledge of law. Understanding acts as a thought process
taking place in the mind of the subject applying the rule of law. The explanation is the
second part of a unified process of interpretation the law addressed to other parties
to a relationship. It is carried out by the competent authorities and persons in order to
eliminate ambiguities in understanding the content of the norm and thus ensure its correct
application to the circumstances for which it is aimed.
Subjects of interpretation may be public authorities, officials, organizations,
enterprises, institutions, individuals. The objects of interpretation are laws and regulations.
Legal interpretation is an activity that from a practical point of view is connected
with the completion of the regulation of life relations by law. Legal norms as a result of
interpretation become ready for implementation, practical implementation.
The presented scientific article examines the interpretations given by the highest
judicial instance, which showed that in some cases they contain contradictions that violate
the legal and technical rules. Examples of the interpretation of criminal court decisions
of the Plenum of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation are given, and author’s
editions are proposed.
Keywords: legal technique; criminal legislation; interpretation; norm; corpus delicti
Associate Professor of the Department of Civil Law and Process of the Nizhny Novgorod Academy of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia, PhD. in Law.
, e-mail email@example.com
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