Introduction: the article analyzes the most important procedural aspects of extradition of persons for criminal prosecution or execution of a sentence as a separate area of international cooperation in the field of criminal justice. The author proceeds from the fact that the extradition procedure is a complex of interrelated, successive procedural actions that begin from the moment of actual detention of a person who is on the international wanted list on the initiative of the requested state and an official notification about it, with a proposal to send a request for his/her extradition to the Russian Federation. A similar request, but already on the part of the Russian Federation, is sent by its competent authorities if the requested person has Russian citizenship or does not have citizenship of the state on whose territory this person is located. However, it can also be sent when the requested person is a citizen of a third country or stateless. Purpose: to study aspects of the functioning of the institution of extradition of offenders and to propose possible solutions to problematic issues. Methods: the methodological basis of the research is made up of general scientific methods of cognition, including the principle of objectivity, consistency, induction, deduction, etc. as well as private scientific methods: descriptive, linguistic, comparative legal. Results: having considered the procedure for request forwarding, the author comes to the conclusion that the main task of extradition of offenders is to ensure inevitability of the punishment imposed by the court and social rehabilitation of convicts. At the same time, it is important that criminal prosecution or enforcement of a sentence against them are carried out in accordance with international law and domestic legislation of the requesting state. Conclusion: the key obstacle to full-fledged functioning of the institute of extradition is the lack of state responsibility for non-compliance with the requirements for extradition of the wanted persons and creation of artificial restrictions in solving these issues. The author’s vision of the way to solve this problem is proposed.
Keywords: extradition of a person; request for extradition of a person located on the territory of a foreign state; execution of an extradition request; execution of a sentence; international cooperation in criminal proceedings; appeal of an extradition decision; refusal of extradition; criminal prosecution.
Doctor of Sciences (Law), professor of the Department of Criminal Procedure of the Moscow Academy of the Investigative Committee of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia
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