Introduction: the article analyzes issues of improving legislation and organizational and managerial (administrative) activities in the field of combating corruption in foreign penitentiary systems. Purpose: to study problems of combating corruption in the penitentiary sphere with the help of administrative and legal means in foreign countries. The article notes that detention and punishment in the form of deprivation of liberty contribute to the emergence of threats of hypertrophied application of administrative discretion in relation to convicts by the administration of penitentiary institutions. Systemic and institutional corruption in the penitentiary sphere is formed only in idiosyncratic conditions of manifestations of illegal corrupt behavior of senior management of penitentiary bodies and institutions. The methodological basis of the work consists of general scientific and private scientific (logical-legal, comparative-legal, descriptive, content analysis) methods of cognition of legal reality. Conclusions: the fight against corruption in the penitentiary sphere can be effective only if the share of administrative discretion in relation to prisoners is reduced by the administration of penitentiary institutions through establishment of strict regulatory restrictions and prohibitions in the field of administrative activities, implementation of constant external independent control by state bodies and the public over correctional facility activities, conduct of various educational and promotional activities, strengthening of social protection of the staff of institutions and carrying out of measures aimed at increasing public prestige of the penitentiary service. The scientific and practical significance of the work lies in the substantiation of practical proposals on the possibility of using foreign experience in combating corruption in the penitentiary sphere in the domestic practice of state-legal construction.
Keywords: penitentiary sphere; idiosyncratic corruption; administrative control; administrative discretion.
Doctor of Sciences (Law), Associate Professor, Honorary Worker of Higher Professional Education of the Russian Federation,Professor of the Department of Administrative and Legal Disciplines, Vologda Institute of Law and Economics of the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia, Vologda, Russian Federation.
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