Some Problems of Modern Legal Education in the Republic of Armenia and the Russian Federation
Avetisyan S.S., Sargsyan A.A. Some problems of modern legal education in the Republic of Armenia and the Russian Federation. Penitentiary Science, 2022, vol. 16, no. 4 (60), pp. 441–449. doi: 10.46741/2686-9764.2022.60.4.011.
Shortcomings in the modern higher education system actualize the importance of providing high-quality legal education capable of training competitive and in-demand lawyers. The lack of a regulatory framework that meets modern realities in terms of legal regulation of legal education, partial inconsistency of the main educational programs and curricula of higher educational institutions, requirements of the federal state standard of higher education in the field of training “Jurisprudence”, the lack of legislative regulation of the possibility for persons without a basic legal education to take master’s courses, insufficient professional training of teaching staff; the predominance of the theoretical part of training of lawyers over the practical component forms a set of factors that generally reduce the effectiveness of the training of professional personnel. The purpose of the study is to identify a combination of factors, including legislative gaps, negatively affecting the development of modern legal education in the Republic of Armenia and the Russian Federation, as well as to determine key prospects for its development in accordance with international standards and the needs of potential employers. Methods: comparative-legal, empirical methods of description, interpretation; theoretical methods of formal and dialectical logic; private-scientific methods: legal-dogmatic and method of interpretation of legal norms. Conclusions: the analysis of normative-legal, as well as relevant local acts of the Russian Federation, the Republic of Armenia and other CIS countries indicates that at present in most higher educational institutions the practical component of the training of lawyers prevails over the theoretical one, which, accordingly, requires a speedy resolution. The main trends in the development of legal education in the CIS countries, successful world practice and world standards of higher legal education necessitate the expansion of digitalization processes in the training of lawyers, strengthening the competence of future lawyers in matters of legal information security. The modernization of modern legal education should be continuous, taking into account the needs of the world market. It is crucial to develop a national strategy for improving legal education and elaborate local acts in higher educational institutions regulating the issues of digitalizing legal education. It is of great importance to increase the digital literacy and competence of the teaching staff and train future lawyers in these skills in order to boost demand for them. Realization of convicts’ right to receive legal education is also relevant.
Keywords: higher education; digitalization; legal education in the Russian Federation and the Republic of Armenia; innovation; educational process; quality of legal education.
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