The article attempts to determine the nature of the family and on this basis
to investigate the causes of violence in it, necessarily taking into account the external
social conditions of its existence. The causes of domestic violence are considered in
the context of the causes of violence in general. In searching for the causes of domestic
violence, the author proceeds from the general position that a person has an instinct of
aggression as a legacy of anthropoid ancestors, with which he is unable to cope. The
violence experienced in childhood and early adolescence convinces a person that only
his own strength is reliable and that the pleasure of violent control is the only alternative
to his suffering and a way of protection. It has been suggested that violence as part of
aggression can be malignant and benign (according to E. Fromm) and transmitted
biologically from generation to generation as one of the forms and conditions of human
life. The author concludes that violence is a natural tendency of a person, focuses on the
fact that nature itself is aggressive when earthquakes, floods, epidemics occur on the
planet. It is suggested that acute conflicts invariably harm the upbringing of children, labor
activities, leisure activities, health conditions, give rise to criminal behavior.
The author divides the causes of domestic violence into groups (intrafamily, external
social, economic, “medical”, individual), without delving into the study of each of them.
The object of study is the most important problem of family violence (family education,
fear of death). In support of his conclusions the author gives vivid examples from practice.
Professor of the Department of Criminal Law and Procedure of the Russian State University for the Humanities, Moscow, Russian Federation, Dsc. in Law, Professor, Honored Scientist of the Russian Federation.
, e-mail email@example.com
1. Kernberg O. Agressiya pri rasstrojstvah lichnosti [Aggression in personality disorders]. Psihologiya chelovecheskoj
agressivnosti [The Psychology of Human Aggression]. Minsk, 1999, pp. 115–168. (In Russ.).
2. Merton R. Social’naya teoriya i social’naya struktura [Social Theory and Social Structure]. Moscow, 2006. 873 p. (In
3. Fromm E. Anatomiya chelovecheskoj destruktivnosti [The Anatomy of Human Destructiveness]. Moscow, 1994. 447 p.
4. Eliade M., Kuliano I. Slovar’ religij, obryadov i verovanij [Dictionary of Religions, Rites and Beliefs]. Moscow, 2014.
384 p. (In Russ.).