The article discusses the features of absenteeism in the field of suffrage as a social
phenomenon in society. At the same time its types and categories of absenteeists are
distinguished. The author comes to the conclusion that forced absenteeists, that is,
persons who do not take part in the election process for reasons beyond their control, can
include citizens convicted of imprisonment. The legal grounds for restricting the electoral
rights of convicts are analyzed, including special attention to the relationship between
constitutional norms and the provisions of international legal acts. The case-law of the
European Court of Human Rights also seems interesting. The content of the judgments
of this court regarding the restriction of the electoral rights of prisoners indicates an
unequivocal position regarding the inadmissibility of excessive restriction of these rights.
Conclusions are formulated that the issue of restricting the electoral rights of convicts
must be resolved consistently, taking into account the category of the crime committed,
its type, depending on the object of encroachment (political rights), the form of guilt
(intent). A measure in the form of restriction of suffrage should be applied as an additional
punishment. To implement this provision appropriate changes to the constitutional and
criminal legislation are necessary.
Keywords: penal system; absenteeism; suffrage; restriction of suffrage; international legal acts; convicts
3rd year cadet of the Law Faculty of the Vologda Institute of Law and Economics of the Federal Penal Service of Russia.
, e-mail email@example.com
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