The article demonstrates a new approach to the definition of crime as the sum and
totality of crimes constituting crime. Considering crime as part of the culture an analysis
of the criminal subculture is presented, its social role is shown. The sociological and
psychological approaches to the study of crime, the constant relationship between a free
society and crime are noted.
The conclusion is formulated that the concept of crime includes both crimes and the
persons who committed them. Therefore information about the former should include
data on the nature, time, place, method of committing the criminal offense, the number of
accomplices, the type of settlement (city, village, etc.) or the transport where it took place.
Information about persons must contain information about gender, age, occupation or
lack thereof, national and religious affiliation, level of education (primary, incomplete
secondary, higher, incomplete higher, secondary special), specialty, criminal record, etc.
It emphasizes the need for typology of crimes and criminals for a variety of reasons:
the degree of public danger, gender, age, number of convictions, having a family and
permanent residence, etc.
Keywords: crime; criminal behavior; amount and totality of crimes; latency; criminal; categorization of crimes
Professor of the Department of Criminal
Law of the Moscow State Regional University, Dsc. in Law,
Professor, Honored Scientis of the Russian Federation.
, e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org
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kriminologicheskij, psihologicheskij aspekty, funkcional’nyj mekhanizm [Criminal subculture of convicts: theoretical,
criminological, psychological aspects, functional mechanism]. Ryazan, 2009. 315 p. (In Russ.).
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