Introduction: understanding the role and importance of civil society institutions in solving one of the significant problems of resocialization, social adaptation of convicts, prevention of new crimes makes it expedient to develop new approaches to its study, in particular, requires research in the context of existential and psychological problems of world perception and attitude to living the period of serving a sentence as a segment of the life path of female convicts serving criminal sentences in places of deprivation of liberty. Purpose: to study key life options (variants of life) of female convicts serving a criminal sentence in the form of imprisonment on the example of the correctional facility for women in Krasnodar Krai, where, in cooperation with the Directorate of the Federal Penitentiary Service in Krasnodar Krai and financial support of the Presidential Grant Foundation, the Social Innovation Support Fund “Vol’noe Delo” and the Kuban Governor Grant, a project of the Krasnodar Regional Charitable Public Organization “Healthy Generation” is being implemented with the participation of teachers and psychologists. Methods: theoretical analysis, comparative analysis, psychological testing, statistical method; methodology “Relevant variant of life” (A.G. Shisheva). Results: the methodological principle of complexity allows to conduct a study of such a social phenomenon as resocialization from the standpoint of cybernetics, when the processes of learning, upbringing and development are considered as a special type of cognitive activity management (formation of a subjective model of the relevant life option by female convictsproject participants; active life position with a focus on solving individual life tasks and achieving success in the future; willingness to use time rationally and in accordance with planned goals to get possible personal benefits), which helps identify the specifics of direct relationship and feedback in social processes and study the means to improve management efficiency, including in the law enforcement sphere. Conclusion: guidelines for penal policy humanization should be based on interdisciplinary approaches to solving problems of resocialization of convicts; variants of life chosen by the project participants as “real” or “ideal” are socially approved in modern socio-economic realities and are meaningfully implemented by the majority; the project participants construct their own lifestyle, which can be implemented within the framework of social rules and demonstrates their aspiration to restore social functions and integration into society
Keywords: security of society and the state; life option; existential psychology; life personality type; ideas about the world; meaning of existence; personality of the convict; resocialization.
Doctor of Sciences (Law), Associate Professor, professor at the Department of Criminalistics and Legal Informatics of the Law Faculty of the Kuban State University, Krasnodar, Russia, Leading Researcher at the Research Institute of the Federal Penal
Service of Russia, Moscow, Russia
Candidate of Sciences (Psychology), Associate Professor, associate professor at the Department of Social Psychology and Sociology of Management of the Faculty of Management and Psychology of the Kuban State University, Krasnodar, Russia
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