Introduction: the article presents results of testing the program for psychological correction of convicts’ emotional states, aimed at gradual elaboration of conditions arising at all stages of the life path. The 5-month program involved 167 people serving sentences of imprisonment in subordinate organizations and institutions of the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia in the Ryazan Oblast. Methods: at different stages of the program implementation, the following methods were used: scales of positive affect and negative affect (as adapted by E.N. Osin), Spielberger-Hanin anxiety test, K. Izard’s differential emotions scale, Y.M. Orlov’s questionnaire of the need for communication and the need for achievement, Rosenzweig frustration test, and Zimbardo time perspective inventory. Results: as a result of the program, the indicators of situational anxiety decreased compared to the primary results, the emotional states of failure to achieve the goal did not undergo any special changes, however, the indicators of extra-punitive and ego-defense responses went up, the need for communication and the positive emotions index increased, the indices of negative and anxious and depressive emotions declined, which indicates success of the measures implemented. Conclusions: conducting classes with convicts in the context of time periods allowed us to fully consider conditions of convicts, affecting their past experience and future plans and influencing their current state, which contributed to optimizing the emotional state and reducing manifestations of destructive behavior during the process of serving a sentence.
Keywords: Emotional states; emotions; psychological correction; places of imprisonment; convicts; perception of psychological time; time intervals
Postgraduate student of the Institute of Psychology of the Kaluga State University named after K.E. Tsiolkovski, Kaluga, Russia; psychologist of the Psychological Laboratory at the Correctional Facility No. 2 of the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia in the Ryazan Oblast, Ryazan, Russia
, e-mail email@example.com
1. Abibulaeva A.B., Mardakhaev L.V., Kuatov A.K. Temporal perspective as a factor for the resocialization of condemned. TsITISE= CITISE, 2019, no. 3 (20), pp. 22–23. (In Russ.).
2. Akimenko A.K. Visions of the past, present and future in the system of socio-psychological personal adaptation. Izvestiya Saratovskogo universiteta. Novaya seriya. Seriya: Akmeologiya
obrazovaniya. Psikhologiya razvitiya=Izvestiya of Saratov University. Educational Acmeology. Developmental Psychology, 2014, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 131–142. (In Russ.).
3. Aligaeva N.N. Experience in the implementation of the programme of psychological correction of emotional states of disabled convicts. Vestnik Kostromskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya: Pedagogika. Psikhologiya. Sotsiokinetika=Vestnik of Kostroma State University. Series: Pedagogy. Psychology. Sociokinetics, 2021, vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 224–233. (In Russ.).
4. Baburin S.V., Zautorova E.V. Penitentiary pedagogue-psychologist’s work aimed at negative emotional state of convicts in prisons. Psikhopedagogika v pravookhranitel’nykh organakh=Psychopedagogy in Law Enforcement, 2016, no. 4 (67), pp. 76–78. (In Russ.).
5. Il’in E.P. Psikhofiziologiya sostoyanii cheloveka [Psychophysiology of human states]. Saint Petersburg: Piter, 2005. 412 p. ISBN 5-469-00446-5.
6. Ippolitova E. A. Features of temporary prospect of convicts at different stages of serving sentence. Vestnik psikhologii i pedagogiki Altaiskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta= Bulletin
of Psychology and Pedagogy of Altai State University, 2016, no. 4, pp. 88–97. (In Russ.).
7. Konovalova N.A. Activity of a specialist in social work aimed at managing the time perspective of convicted. Mezhdunarodnyi nauchno-issledovatel’skii zhurnal=International Research Journal, 2017, no. 11-1 (65), pp. 48–53. (In Russ.).
8. Makushina O.P. The perception of past, present and future students with different psychological age. Vestnik VGU. Seriya: Problemy vysshego obrazovaniya=Proceedings of Voronezh State University. Series: Problems of Higher Education, 2019, no. 3, pp. 46–50. (In Russ.).
9. Martynova A.A. Time perspective of the convicts of acquisitive crime in the initial period of serving the sentence. Uchenye zapiski SPbGMU im. I.P. Pavlova=The Scientific Notes of the Pavlov University, 2014, no. 4, pp. 54–58. (In Russ.).
10. Nekrasova E.V. Prostranstvenno-vremennaya organizatsiya zhiznennogo mira cheloveka: avtoreferat dissertatsii na soiskanie uchenoi stepeni doktora psikhologicheskikh nauk [Spatial and temporal organization of the human life world: Doctor of Sciences (Psychology) dissertation abstract]. Barnaul, 2005. 47 p.
11. Neyaskina Yu.Yu. Time perspective of convicted persons. In: Lichnost’ v ekstremal’nykh usloviyakh i krizisnykh situatsiyakh zhiznedeyatel’nosti: sbornik nauchnykh statei 10 Mezhdunarodnoi nauchno-prakticheskoi konferentsii [Personality in extreme conditions and crisis situations of life: collection of scientific articles of the 10th international scientific and practical conference]. Ulyanovsk: Zebra, 2021. Pp. 143–154. (In Russ.).
12. Osin E.N. Measuring positive and negative affect: development of a russian-language analogue of Panas. Psikhologiya. Zhurnal VShE=Psychology. Journal of the Higher School of Economics, 2012, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 91–110. (In Russ.).
13. Padun M.A., Gagarina M.A., Zelyanina A.N. Mediated role of emotion regulation and time perspective in relationship between temperamental traits and emotional states. Eksperimental’naya psikhologiya=Experimental Psychology, 2020, vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 36–51. (In Russ.).
14. Psikhologiya cheloveka ot rozhdeniya do smerti [Human psychology from birth to death]. Ed. by Rean A.A. Saint Petersburg: PRAIM-EVROZNAK, 2002. 656 p. ISBN 5-93878-029-2.
15. Slavinskaya Yu.V., Bovin B.G. Temporary perspective of those serving life imprisonment. Prikladnaya yuridicheskaya psikhologiya=Applied Legal Psychology, 2011, no. 4, pp. 41–54. (In Russ.).
16. Spivakovskaya A.S., Chetkina A.S. Actual emotional state and experience of time: a beatotherapeutic approach. In: Demidov A.A., Surat L.I. (Eds.). Psikhologicheskie i psikhoanaliticheskie issledovaniya: ezhegodnik 2018–2019 [Psychological and psychoanalytic research: yearbook 2018–2019]. Moscow: Mosk. in-t psikhoanaliza, 2020. Pp. 116–129. (In Russ.).
17. Shreder O.B. Formation of the time perspective of convicts as a resource potential of the individual in the process of re-socialization. In: Penitentsiarnaya bezopasnost’: natsional’nye traditsii i zarubezhnyi opyt: materialy Vserossiiskoi nauchno-prakticheskoi konferentsii (30–31 maya 2019g.): v 2 ch. [Penitentiary security: national traditions and foreign experience: materials of the All-Russian scientific and practical conference (May 30–31, 2019): in 2 parts]. Samara: Samarskii yuridicheskii institut FSIN Rossii, 2019. Pp. 271–274. (In Russ.).
18. Becker M., Vignoles V., Owe E., et al. Being oneself through time: bases of selfcontinuity across 55 cultures. Self and Identity, 2018, vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 276–293.
19. Droit-Volet S. Time perception, emotions and mood disorders. Journal of Physiology, 2013, vol. 30, no. 107 (4), pp. 255–264.
20. Droit-Volet S., Meck W.H. How emotions color our time perception. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 2007, vol. 11, pp. 504–513.
21. Klimanova S., Trusova A., Gvozdetskii A., Berezina A. Time perspective orientation and emotion regulation. In: 5th International Conference on Time Perspective: book of abstracts. Vilnius: Vilnius University, 2021. P. 100. Available at: https://www.journals.vu.lt/proceedings/article/view/24357/23607 (accessed February 25, 2022).
22. Lui M.A., Penney T.B., Schirmer A. Emotion effects on timing: attention versus pacemaker accounts. PLoS One, 2011, vol. 20, no. 6 (7), pp. 21–29.
23. Flaherty M.G. Time in prison as contested terrain: temporal regime versus temporal resistance. 5th International Conference on Time Perspective: book of abstracts. Vilnius: Vilnius University, 2021. P. 15. Available at: https://www.journals.vu.lt/proceedings/article/view/24357/23607 (accessed February 25, 2022).
24. Gofman A. Vicarious memories in the personal past predict empathy, but differently in the Chinese and Russian Samples. In: 5th International Conference on Time Perspective: book of abstracts. Vilnius: Vilnius University, 2021. Pp. 27–28. Available at: https://www.journals.vu.lt/proceedings/article/view/24357/23607 (accessed February 25, 2022).
25. Piotrow E., Kadzikowska-Wrzosek R. Self-determination among inmates serving prison sentences in selected systems: the role of temporal orientation and self-control skills. Resocjalizacja Polska (Polish Journal of Social Rehabilitation), 2021, no. 21, pp. 317–331.
26. Tucholska K., Wysocka-Pleczyk M., Gulla B., Piotrowski P., et al. Prison time experience – a semantic differential study. In: 5th International Conference on Time Perspective: book of abstracts. Vilnius: Vilnius University, 2021. P. 75. Available at: https://www.journals.vu.lt/proceedings/article/view/24357/23607 (accessed February 1, 2022).
27. Tucholska K., Wysocka-Pleczyk M., Gulla B., Piotrowski P., et al. Spatial metaphors of inmates’ time experience. In: 5th International Conference on Time Perspective: book of abstracts. Vilnius: Vilnius University, 2021. P. 75. Available at: https://www.journals.vu.lt/proceedings/article/view/24357/23607 (accessed February 25, 2022).