Introduction: the article is devoted to the creation of correctional institutions of combined type with regard to the current penal enforcement legislation and the Concept for the development of the penal enforcement system of the Russian Federation up to 2030. The foundation of correctional institutions of this type corresponds to the modern penal enforcement policy of the Russian Federation, but requires scientific study. The relevance of the presented article is also determined by modern trends in penitentiary science and practice. Purpose: on the basis of generalization and analysis of official statistical data, theoretical and scientific sources, findings and approaches of scientists-penitentiaries, to comprehensively reveal the prospects for establishing institutions of combined type at the current stage of the RF penal enforcement system development. Methods: the dialectical method of scientific cognition was used when writing a scientific article. The following scientific methods of cognition were also applied: comparative law, induction, deduction, analysis, synthesis, and statistical. Results: in the course of the study and based on its results, the authors developed a theoretical model of a complex correctional institution (institution of combined type), which includes separate areas proposed and scientifically justified by the authors. Each area of the combined type institution selected by the authors is described separately and in detail. The theoretical model of a complex correctional institution (institution of combined type) corresponds to the provisions of the current legislation, as well as the prospects for its development up to 2030, and also widens and complements them. Conclusions: in order to capture correctional facilities of a combined type in the RF penal enforcement legislation, it is proposed to enshrine the theoretical model of a complex correctional institution proposed by the authors in the corresponding articles.
Keywords: correctional facility, multi-regime, reforming, concept, convict, complex institution, hybrid institution.
Senior Researcher of the Research Department of Scientific Center of Academy of the Federal Penal
Service of Russia, Senior Lecturer of the Department of Criminology and Organization of Crime Prevention of the Institute
for Training State and Municipal Employees of the Academy
of the Federal Penal Service of Russia, PhD. in Law.
, e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org
Doctor of Sciences (Law), Professor, Professor of the Department of Criminal Law and Criminology of the Ryazan State University named for S.A. Yesenin, Ryazan, Russian Federation
, e-mail Juu89@yandex.ru
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