The concept of development of the penal system of the Russian Federation until
2020 indicates the need for new modern approaches in organizing educational work with
prisoners. The need for an individual approach is due to the fact that any effect on a person
is refracted through his characteristics, “internal conditions” and is aimed at studying,
encouraging or punishing, correcting or shaping and developing the behavior properties
of a particular convict. The essence of this approach is the flexible use by the teacher of
various forms and methods of educational impact in order to achieve optimal results of the
Effective forms and methods of individual educational work in penal practice include
the method of character reconstruction aimed at teaching convicts productive behaviors,
developing the ability to take responsibility for their behavior in various life situations; a
method of communicative regulation aimed at developing the communicative sphere of
prisoners; individual trainings with convicts of various categories (individual pedagogical
exercises and tasks, questioning (testing, conversation, individual consultations), during
which convicts receive answers to their questions; a method of alternating organizational
tasks, which allows solving such problems as teaching convicts elementary managerial
skills, ways of interacting with people, as well as understanding the essence of the
positions of both the organizer of his own behavior and his subordinate; strengthening the
emotional field of joint creative affairs, providing a special set of psychological tools aimed
at enhancing emotional stress, developing sincerity, emotional closeness, emotional
elevation of the convicted person (pleasant communication, approval of creative finds,
psychological support); reflexive self-education method, when using which deeper
psychological mechanisms are used that promote personality self-regulation), etc.
The educational impact is carried out taking into account the age and individual
characteristics of the person, the level of development of his moral upbringing, constant
observation, studying the changes in human qualities in the life process of the correctional
institution. The advantage of using various forms and methods during the implementation
of an individual approach in working with convicts is that they are aimed at identifying
and mobilizing the internal and external resources of the person. An individual approach
to correction is one of the effective ways to help the convict, since any educational
impact reaches the goal, if refracted through specific personality traits, helps to identify
individual characteristics and social stereotypes of activity, predicting the behavior and
effectiveness of the correction process.
Professor of the Department of Legal Psychology and
Pedagogics of the Vologda Institute of Law and Economics of the Federal Penal Service of Russia, Dsc. in Pedagogics, Professor, Member-correspondent of the
International Academy of Sciences of Pedagogical Education
, e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org
Professor of the Department of Penal and Criminal Law of the Voronezh Institute of the Federal
Penal Service of Russia, Dsc. in Pedagogics, Associate Professor
, e-mail email@example.com
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